Biomechanical influence of TKA designs with varying radii on bilateral TKA patients during sit-to-stand
1 School of Physical Education, Sport, and Exercise Science, Ball State University, Muncie, IN, USA
2 Department of Kinesiology, University of Georgia, Athens, GA, USA
3 Department of Physical Therapy, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, Thailand
4 Athens Orthopedic Clinic, PA, Athens, GA, USA
Dynamic Medicine 2008, 7:12 doi:10.1186/1476-5918-7-12Published: 13 August 2008
Compared to the design of a traditional multi-radius (MR) total knee arthroplasty (TKA), the single-radius (SR) implant investigated has a fixed flexion/extension center of rotation. The biomechanical effectiveness of an SR for functional daily activities, i.e., sit-to-stand, is not well understood. The purpose of the study was to compare the biomechanics underlying functional performance of the sit-to-stand (STS) movement between the limbs containing an MR and an SR TKA of bilateral TKA participants.
Sagittal plane kinematics and kinetics, and EMG data for selected knee flexor and extensor muscles were analyzed for eight bilateral TKA patients, each with an SR and an MR TKA implant.
Compared to the MR limb, the SR limb demonstrated greater peak antero-posterior (AP) ground reaction force, higher AP ground reaction impulse, less vastus lateralis and semitendinosus EMG during the forward-thrust phase of the STS movement. No significant difference of knee extensor moment was found between the two knees.
Some GRF and EMG differences were evident between the MR and SR limbs during STS movement. Compensatory adaptations may be used to perform the STS.